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News & Press: JPMA Statements

Inclined Sleep Statement

Monday, November 11, 2019   (0 Comments)

- as of November 11, 2019


We all have a shared interest in keeping children safe. As the voice of quality and safety for the juvenile products industry, JPMA strongly supports a data-driven, scientific approach to the standard-setting process, engaging all interested stakeholders in an open and transparent forum.

The current ASTM process is a collaboration of parents, manufacturers, CPSC staff, advocates and many other stakeholders. Because of this, we have a system in place that works and today's baby and children's products are safer than ever.

Infant inclined sleep products must meet applicable U.S. requirements based on safety and use. The CPSC has elected to pursue a new standard that reconsiders requirements for inclined sleep products, including, but not limited to, the level of incline, appropriate age designations, use of restraints, side height, and accessories. JPMA fully supports this action.

That said, we believe manufacturers and regulators have a responsibility to ensure we make fact-based, thought out decisions that do not result in the introduction of unintended consequences. In fact, we believe it creates more risk when we eliminate an entire product category without strong data to support that need. Without tested, regulated products that address legitimate infant sleep concerns, parents may create makeshift solutions to solve for these issues. By doing so, they actually introduce danger because an approved product does not exist.

Today’s data is insufficient to draw concrete conclusions on risks related to inclined sleepers, and we encourage additional research on this topic. We believe this because currently cited studies:

  • Do not consider outcomes when an infant is placed on its back and secured by the restraints, which is always recommended when using these products.
  • Acknowledge that greater study is needed of sleep products with incline angles between 10-20 degrees.
We must continue our efforts to educate parents and caregivers about safe sleep, reinforcing the importance of placing a baby on its back to sleep, never placing pillows, blankets or extra padding of any type to a sleep-related product, supervising sleep, always using restraints when called for in the product instructions and of discontinuing use based upon the age/weight guidelines provided by the manufacturer. A properly assembled crib, bassinet, cradle or portable crib/play yard is the safest place for a baby’s unattended sleep.

Our industry is made up of parents who understand the joys and challenges of caring for an infant, and we care deeply about helping parents care for and protect every baby. We are committed to advancing product safety every day and will continue to work diligently to ensure baby and children's products are as safe as possible. 

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