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News & Press: JPMA Statements

JPMA Statement on 3rd Party Testing and Ratings

Wednesday, December 5, 2018   (0 Comments)

Child car seat manufacturers ensure that safety devices are safe, accessible and affordable – investing millions of dollars toward initial designs, development and ongoing safety testing of their products.


To ensure safety, all car seats must meet the stringent requirements of FMVSS 213 in the USA, CMVSS 213, 213.1 or 213.2 in Canada, and ECE R44-04 or ECE R129 in Europe. These strict and comprehensive regulations include crash performance, certain design characteristics, required labeling and instructions, and more. The standards are based on crash data, verified through testing and are continuously monitored for appropriateness and effectiveness.


While non-governmental organizations and independent researchers may develop their own testing or rating systems for car seats, the included parameters and measurements are often not validated by regulators, manufacturers or external experts. There are no regulatory processes met and formal input is not solicited or accepted. In some cases, such tests and results have been challenged by experts, and the published results have been corrected. Unfortunately, some external rating groups refuse to fully share their data for complete analysis by affected manufacturers, hindering the potential for future improvement.


Car seats that meet or exceed the requirements of FMVSS 213, CMVSS 213, ECE R44-4 or ECE 129 are deemed safe by the respective regulators in countries that require compliance with them. JPMA and its members welcome supplemental information obtained through non-standard or unverified testing procedures, but these results must be treated as supplemental to the regulations in each country, be verifiable and replicable, and be transparent as to allow the industry and regulators to validate the procedures and protocols used.

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