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2007 Child Restraint Research Article Retracted
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2007 Child Restraint Research Article Retracted

The rear-facing until age 2 recommendation was issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics, required by select child restraint manufacturers, and adopted by various advocate groups, and was largely based on a 2007 study of children in crashes (Henary et al; Injury Prevention). The original study claimed that children were up to 5 times safer facing the rear throughout the second year of life.

A research group questioned the 2007 study, after failing to replicate the results, and notified the publisher. Injury Prevention issued an Expression of Concern about the previously published study in June, published a new and updated study by some of the original authors in November, and officially retracted the 2007 study in December.


Note: NHTSA reaffirmed their 2011 selection guidelines in late 2017. Those recommendations include that children under 1 should ride rear-facing and that children between 1 and 3 should continue to ride rear-facing until they outgrow the manufacturer’s weight or height limits.

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